Híres magyarok

Ányos Jedlik

(b. 1800, d. 1895)

Jedlik was born in the county of Komarom and was educated in Nagyszombat and Pozsony, all Hungarian cities before the treaty of WWI. After his educations he joined the order of Benedictine and became a lecturer in their schools. In 1839 he started lecturing at the Budapest University of Sciences department of physics-mechanics in Hungarian. Through his textbook he is regarded as one of the establishers of Hungarian vocabulary in physics.

He preceded his contemporaries in his scientific work, but he did not speak about his most important invention, his prototype dynamo, until 1856; it was not until 1861 that he mentioned it in writing in list of inventory of the university. Although that document might serve as a proof of Jedlik’s status as the originator, the invention of the dynamo is linked to Siemens’ name because Jedlik’s invention did not rise to notice at that time. In 1827 he started experimenting with electromagnetic rotating devices, which he called “lightning-magnetic self-rotor” (approximate translation). In the prototype both the stationary and the revolving parts were electromagnetic. In 1873 at the World’s Fair in Vienna he demonstrated his lighting conductor.

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