Híres Magyarok - Nobel díjasok

Robert Bárány

Robert Bárány (1876-1936) was honored with the 1914 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medical Science „for his work on the physiology and pathology of the vestibular apparatus”. In a speech he delivered upon receiving the Nobel prize in the discipline of otology, Bárány’s professional line, half a century later, George von Békésy spoke about the […]

János (John C.) Harsányi

János (John C.) Harsányi (1920-) was born in Budapest, and educated at one of the best schools, the Lutheran Gymnasium in Budapest, with such distinguished alumni as John von Neumann and Eugene Wigner. He shared the 1994 Nobel Prize in Economics together with John Nash and Reinhard Selten „for their pioneering analysis of equilibria in […]

Jeno (Eugene P.) Wigner

Jeno (Eugene P.) Wigner (1902-1995) received the 1963 Nobel Prize in Physics together with Maria Goeppert-Mayerand Hans David Jensen „for his contributions to the theory of the atomic nucleus and the elementary particles, particularly through the discovery and application of fundamental symmetry principles. Wigner played an outstanding role in the peaceful and safe utilization of […]

John C. Polanyi

John C. Polanyi (1929-)was born in Berlin from Hungarian parents, Michael and Magda Elizabeth Polanyi. The family moved to England in 1933. He obtained his B.Sc. in 1949 and his Ph.D. in 1952 at Manchester University. He shared the 1986 Nobel Prize in Chemistry together with Dudley R. Herschbach and Yuan Tseh Lee „for contributions […]

Imre Kertész

Imre Kertész(1929-2016). Recipient of the 2002 Nobel Prize in Literature “for writing that upholds the fragile experience of the individual against the barbaric arbitrariness of history”. The Academy singled out his 1975 debut novel, “Sorstalansag” (“Fateless”), in which he writes about a young man who is arrested and taken to a concentration camp but conforms […]

György (George de) Hevesy

György (George de) Hevesy (1885-1966) George de Hevesy was born in Budapest on August 1st, 1885, the son of Louis de Hevesy, Court Counsellor and Eugénie, née Baroness Schosberger. He studied at the Budapest Technical University and Berlin technical University and he gained his doctor’s degree at the University of Freiburg in 1908. He was […]

György (George A.) Oláh

György (George A.) Oláh (1927-) was born in Budapest. He was educated at the Technical University of Budapest. Dr. Oláh left Hungary in 1956 soon after the failed uprising against Communist rule and moved to the United States. In the field of modern organic chemistry his works overthrew the dogmas of the quattro chemical valency […]

György (Georg von) Békésy

György (Georg von) Békésy (1899-1972) the son of Alexander von Békésy, a diplomat, and his wife, Paula, received his early education in Munich, Constantinople, Budapest, and in a private school in Zurich. He received his Ph.D. in Physics in 1923 from the University of Budapest. He was the recipient of the 1961 Nobel Prize in […]

Fülöp (Philipp von) Lénard

Fülöp (Philipp von) Lénard (1862-1947) was the first scientist born in Hungary to win the Nobel Prize. His scientific career started under Eötvös in Budapest, but he later moved to Germany where he died. He was honored in physics in 1905 „for his work in connection with cathode rays”. His principal sphere of research covered […]

Elie Wiesel

Elie Wiesel (1928-) was born in Máramarossziget, now Sighet, Transylvania. During World War II, he, with his family and other Jews from the area, were deported to the German concentration and extermination camps, where his parents and little sister perished. He is the recipient of the 1986 Nobel Peace Prize „because He was one of […]

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